Historical Firm Data

NTIS order number:
PB84-102326
Price codes
A04 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)

An Analysis of the Acquisition of Unaffiliated Establishments

Kevin Hollenbeck, Richard Hayes, and Irene Witt
1983. 68p. Contract awarded in FY 1982 to The Policy Research Group, 1120 19th Street NW #615, Washington, DC 20036.

This study provides additional evidence on the feasibility of exploiting the longitudinal enterprise information of the Small Business Data Base for purposes of addressing policy issues of concern to the SBA. Examined in this report are the 1978 characteristics of enterprises which were acquired and the 1980 characteristics of both the acquired businesses and the acquiring establishments. Also presented is a preliminary analysis of employment growth with respect to region, industry classification, employment size of the firm acquiring enterprise, and business age.

NTIS order number:
PB87-194700
Price codes:
A06 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)

The Benchmarking of Sales Data in the Small Business Database

Joel Popkin
1987. 119p. Contract awarded in FY 1985 to Joel Popkin & Company, Inc., 1030 15th St. NW #860, Washington, DC 20005.

Most of the volatility in sales reports is attributable to large firms. There were significant differences found between the Census Bureau's Enterprise Statistics and the SBA's 1982 USEEM files regarding such items as sales per employee, possibly due to under representation of small firms in the USEEM files.

NTIS order number:
PB87-213583
Price codes:
A03 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)

Comparison of the Pennsylvania Establishments of the Small Business Database with the Pennsylvania Unemployment Insurance Files, 1976-1984

Robert F. Teitel
1987. 48p. Contract awarded in FY 1986 to Teitel Data Systems, 7315 Wisconsin Ave., Suite 727, Bethesda, MD 20416.

The manipulation of Dun and Bradstreet's Dun's Market Identifier (DMI) files into USEEM causes underreporting of single establishment small businesses and an aggregate over-reporting of multi establishment enterprises. Erroneous corrections on the DMI files are made by industry, establishment, and employment.

NTIS order number:
P681-161341
Price codes:
A03 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)

Developing A Micro and Macro Data Base for Small Business Research

Joel Popkin
1980. 36p. Contract awarded in FY 1979 to Joel Popkin &;Company, 1100 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20036.

There has been considerable concern that an adequate comprehensive micro data base does not exist so that the Small BusinessAdministration can conduct needed research in the field of small business as required by Title 11 of the Small Business Act. This study shows the usefulness of such a micro data base for small business research.

NTIS order number:
PB87-216065
Price codes:
A04 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)

Development and Maintenance of the 1984 U.S. Establishment and Enterprise Microdata (USEEM)

Duk Won
1986. 73p. Contract awarded in FY 1985 to Applied Systems Institute, Inc., 1910 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20006.

This study constructs a 1984 U.S. Establishment and Enterprise Microdata (USEEM) file from data in the December 1984 Dun's Market Identifier (DMI) file. The 1984 data was then linked to earlier data to facilitate analysis of changes in the population and employment of businesses of all sizes since 1976.

NTIS order number:
PB84-102086
Price codes:
A06 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)

Development of an Enterprise-Based Longitudinal Data File

Kevin Hollenbeck, Richard Hayes, and Marjorie Odle
1982. 101p. Contract awarded in FY 1981 to The Policy Research Group, Inc., 1120 19th Street NW, Washington, DC 20036.

This study reports on the design and successful development of a prototype of a longitudinal enterprise data base. Such a data set is vitally important for intelligent and efficient advocacy purposes on behalf of small business. The development of such a file will provide the SBA with a flexible, analytical alternative to the aggregated data published in the Census Bureau's Enterprise Statistics or County Business Patterns.

NTIS order number
PB87-117537
Price codes:
A04 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)

The Development Process for the Creation of the S.B.A. Small Business Database Containing U.S.Establishment and Enterprise Microdata (USEEM)

Robert F. Teitel
[1984]. 61p. Contract awarded in FY 1983 to Teitel Data Systems, 7315 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 727 East, Bethesda, MD 20814.

This study provides a summary description of the development process for the creation of the data base containing the U.S. Establishment and Enterprise Microdata (USEEM) file developed by the Business Microdata Project of the Brookings Institution between 1980 and 1983.

NTIS order number:
PB83-184606
Price codes:
A02 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)
RS number: 65

Estimates of Gross Product Originating in Small Business: 1977 Benchmark and Revisions of Intervening Years Since 1972

Joel Popkin
1982. 19p. Contract awarded in FY 1982 to Joel Popkin &;Company, 1100 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20036.

Between 1972 and 1977 the small business share of gross product originating (GPO) declined from 49 to 47 percent for the eight industrial sectors. The small business share of employee compensation declined in all industries except finance, insurance, and real estate.

NTIS order number:
PB81-238388
Price codes:
A02 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)
RS number: 13

Estimates of the Small Business Share of Employee Compensation by Industry for Selected States

Joel Popkin
1981. 13p. Contract awarded in FY 1980 to Joel Popkin &;Company, 1100 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20036.

This study estimates the small business share of employee compensation by major industry divisions for 1963 and 1972 in the 11 states with the highest level of economic activity. The small business share is shown to decline in all industries except services.

NTIS order number:
PB87-125944
Price codes:
A03 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)

An Evaluation of the Accuracy and Current Utility of the 1981 Master Establishment List (MEL)

Muriel Converse and Steven G. Heeringa
1984. 49p. Contract awarded in FY 1982 to the University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.

The SBA's Master Establishment List (MEL) was developed in 1981 to act as a comprehensive list of U.S business establishments. Since the business population is inherently dynamic-with new business establishments being founded continuously and existing businesses closing, merging, or changing ownership aging becomes a critical problem for all lists such as the MEL. This study evaluates the timeliness and accuracy of the MEL.

NTIS order number:
PB92-185651
Price codes:
A05 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)
RS number: 121

Feasibility Study for a Survey-Based Small Business Data Base

Harold Nisselson and Joseph Waksberg
1991. 80p. Contract awarded in FY 1989 to Westat, Inc., 1650 Research Boulevard, Rockville, MD 20850.

This research developed recommendations for the design of a probability sample of small nonfarm, non-home based businesses to provide current data on firms and their owners. Several existing sample lists were unavailable because of confidentiality restrictions and commercial lists tend to exclude the newest and smallest firms. The dual frame approach recommended in the study involves developing lists for geographic areas from commercial sources and supplementing these lists by canvassing areas and adding small firms not in the list frame.

NTIS order number:
PB83-224923
Price codes:
A02 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)

Gross Product Originating in Small Business: Preliminary Estimates for 1963 and 1972

Joel Popkin
n.d. 21p. Contract awarded in FY 1980 to Joel Popkin &;Company, 1100 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20036.

This study presents preliminary estimates of gross product originating (GPO) in small and large business for the years 1963 and 1972. They are prepared at a highly aggregated level, roughly of one-digit SIC industries.

NTIS order number:
PB83-118059
Price codes:
A02 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)
RS number: 60

Measures of Gross Product Originating in Businesses with 0-19 Employees and 5,000 or More Employees, 1963 and 1972

Joel Popkin
n.d. 12p. Contract awarded in FY 1980 to Joel Popkin &;Company,  1100 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20036.

This report presents estimates of gross product originating in small business and the methodology used to develop them. The estimates presented by this report are annual estimates from 1963 to 1972.

NTIS order number:
PB81-211799
Price codes:
A04 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)

Measuring Gross Product Originating in Small Business: Methodology and Annual Estimates 1955 to 1976

Joel Popkin
1980. 61p. Contract awarded in FY 1980 to Joel Popkin &;Company, 1100 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20036.

This study presents estimates of gross product originating in small business and the methodology used to develop them. Before the development of the methodology used for making these estimates, it was not possible to measure the contribution of small business to gross national product. The estimates presented in this report are annual estimates from 1955 through 1976 for the eight major industry groupings that comprise most of the
nonfarm gross domestic private product.

NTIS order number:
PB91-150987
Price codes:
A07 (Paper)
A02 (Microfiche)
RS number: 117

The 1988 U.S. Establishment and Enterprise Microdata (USEEM) and the 1984-1988 Weighted Linked U.S. Establishment Longitudinal Microdata (USELIM)

Jack Faucett Associates
1990. 130p. Contract awarded in FY 1989 to Jack Faucett Associates, 4550 Montgomery Avenue, Suite 300 North, Bethesda, MD 20814.

The Small Business Data Base's USEEM file contains data on employment, sales, and location for individual enterprises and establishments that have a Dun and Bradstreet credit rating. The USELM file contains longitudinally linked sample microdata on establishments drawn from the USEEM files. The editing process whereby individual business establishments are linked to the firms that own them is a multistep process involving numerous
computer algorithms to check the consistency of unedited Dun and Bradstreet data. This study extends the data base forward to the end of 1988.

NTIS order number
PB84-189745
Price codes:
A06 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche.)
RS number: 26

Productivity and Profitability Among Small Family Businesses: Development and Analysis of a Unique Data Base

Bruce Kirchhoff and Judi Kirchhoff
1984. 116p. Contract awarded in FY 1983 to BJK Associates, Inc., Omaha, NE 68108.

This study found that the smallest firms are more profitable than larger firms. The use of unpaid family labor resulted in higher productivity, but lower profitability when adjusted for the value of the unpaid labor. This study was based on Minnesota rural data.

NTIS order number:
PB90-142613
Price codes:
A03 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)

Response Behavior of Entrepreneurs in a Mail Survey

Paul Alpar and Daniel M. Spitzer, Jr.
[1989] 42p. Contract awarded in FY 1989 to James Madison University, Department of Marketing, Harrisonburg, VA 22807.

As research on new and small businesses increases, with its reliance on mail surveys, there is a need for increased rigor in the areas of response rates and response quality. The purpose of this study was to analyze the response behavior of founders of new, technologically oriented companies in a mail survey. The results of the study may provide guidelines to improve response quality in empirical research on entrepreneurs.

NTIS order number:
PB86-153921
Price codes:
A04 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)
RS number: 64

Small Business Activity Revealed by Responses to the 1980 Census of Population and Housing

John C. Beresford
1985. 72p. Contract awarded in FY 1985 to Dual-Comm, Inc., 1015 15th Street NW, Suite 1250, Washington, DC 20005.

Of the 1980 census respondents, 6.68 million were self-employed and 2.07 million were owners of their own corporations for a total of 8.75 million or 10.3 percent of the employed population.  Twelve percent of the employed males were entrepreneurs, as were 5 percent of employed females.

NTIS order number:
PB88-240692
Price codes:
A05 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)
RS number: 91

Small Business Gross Product Originating: 1958-1982

Joel Popkin
1988. [variously paginated]. Contract awarded in FY 1986 to Joel Popkin &;Company, 1030 15th Street NW #860, Washington, DC 20005.

The small firm share of gross product originating (GPO) fell from 58 percent in 1958 to 52 percent in 1977, and to 50 percent in 1982. This last measure differs from the increase in small business activity seen in Enterprise Statistics between 1977 and 1982.

NTIS order number:
PB86-163193
Price codes:
A06 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)
RS number: 34

Statistical Outlier Detection in the Dun and Bradstreet FINSTAT File

Alan Unger
1983. [107]p. Contract awarded in FY 1984 to Group Operations, Inc., 1110 Vermont Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20005.

This study found that 68 percent of entries in Dun and Bradstreet's Financial Statement (FINSTAT) file satisfied accounting identities. Among those companies with less than  1,000 employees, the smallest companies had the fewest errors.  In companies with over 1,000 employees, the records were the best.  Some errors in the file exceeded mean values.

NTIS order number:
PB81-119588
Price codes:
A04 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)

A Study of the Impact of Policy and Economic Variables on Small Business

Thomas H. Naylor
1980. 54p. Contract awarded in FY 1979 to Social Systems, Inc., 300 Eastowne Drive, Chapel Hill, NC 27514.

An attempt to simulate effects of taxes, regulation, etc., on small business income statements and balance sheets using data from Dun and Bradstreet's Financial Statement (FINSTAT) file.  FINSTAT contained enough missing and erroneous values to make a successful product unobtainable.

NTIS order number:
PB85-232593
Price codes:
A02 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)

Summary Data on the Usefulness of the 1981 FINSTAT (Financial Statement) for Study of Change in U.S. Business

Duk Won
[1985]. 20p. Contract awarded in IFY 1984 to Applied Systems, Inc., 1910 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20006.

Users are alerted to basic problems in the use of Dun and Bradstreet's Financial Statement (FINSTAT) file. Differences in median employment demonstrate that FINSTAT and "The Corporate Source Book" cannot be considered samples of the same population.

NTIS order number:
PB85-177343
Price codes:
A04 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)

Testing Confidentiality of Masked Business Microdata

Nancy L. Spruill
1983. 60p. Contract awarded in FY 1981 to the Public Research Institute, 2000 Beauregard Street, Alexandria, VA 22311.

This study attempts to evaluate the confidentiality of microdata protected by law which is released for economic research. The current laws prohibit the release of data which may be linked, either directly or indirectly, to an individual firm. It is found that the number of variables common to released data and public files is of great importance to the level of confidentiality achieved. With large numbers of common variables, grouping of data is the most efficient method of maintaining confidentiality; where few common variables exist, it is found that all releasing strategies provide sufficient levels of
confidentiality.

NTIS order number:
PB91-184416
Price codes:
A06 (Paper)
A01 (Microfiche)
RS number: 114

Validation of the Small Business Data Base

Joel Popkin and Company
1991. 114p. Contract awarded in FY 1987 to Joel Popkin and Company, 1101 Vermont Avenue NW, Suite 201, Washington, DC 20005.

This study validates the editing rules used to develop the U.S. Small Business Administration's microdata base files, known as the U.S. Establishment and Enterprise Microdata (USEEM) and the U.S. Establishment Longitudinal Microdata (USELM) files. These 1976- 1988 files used unedited Dun and Bradstreet microdata; extensive editing was done to convert them to a data base useful for long-term economic analysis. The validation survey identified a number of areas needing methodological improvements.

*Verified as Current: QTR3 2002