Importing Goods into the U.S. – An Introductory Guide for Small Business Owners
by Caron_Beesley, Community Moderator
- Created: July 3, 2012, 7:48 am
Whether you’re looking to diversify your product line or leverage cheaper-made merchandise, selling imported goods in the U.S. can be an important ingredient in small business success.
Interestingly enough, importing doesn’t always necessarily cannibalize the economy here at home. Research from the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco (cited in this USA Today article) suggests that for every dollar spent on a Chinese-made item, 55 cents goes to U.S. businesses for services such as marketing and sales. So Americans are getting more than just cheap prices and unique products from overseas markets.
Many small businesses also support high-demand imported products that can’t be found or manufactured here: artisan crafts, furniture, shoes and clothing, and food and beverage products. These represent a lucrative market with margins that can reach up to 700 percent.
If you are interested in importing and selling overseas goods to the U.S. market – whether or not you’re actually based in the U.S. – you’ll need to do your research regarding both the country of export and the country of import (the United States).
Here are some business and regulatory tips to guide you through the process of selling imported goods in the U.S.
Review Import Rejection Laws and Trade Barriers
First, be sure to check U.S. trade barriers and local in-country laws to be certain you can actually export your chosen goods out of the country of origin into the U.S.
While the U.S. is very import-friendly, it does have safety and quality controls that are more stringent than other countries. Likewise, foreign nations sometimes restrict or ban the export of religious ornaments, rare or protected goods, animal by-products (such as furs and ivory), as well as pirated designer goods. There are several guides and links to information about import trade on SBA.gov’s Importing Goods page.
If you want to import or sell agricultural products into the U.S., the Food Safety and Inspection Service provides a checklist and other information to help you comply with laws that govern import of meat, poultry and egg products.
Build Relationships and Network on the Ground in the Export Country
As with all wholesale procurement, you will want to meet and greet the producer or distributor of the product(s) you will be selling. Try to establish whether the company you’re dealing with has export experience. Ask for references. SBA’s Doing Business Abroad guide can help you plan your trip.
Hire a Customs Broker
A licensed customs broker can help you navigate laws and regulations that apply to the transactions your planning, including licenses, calculation of taxes, duty fees, etc. A customs broker prepares all the documentation needed to import goods, just as a freight forwarder does for exporters. Customs brokers also facilitate communication between the importer and the government. Licensed brokers must have expertise in the entry procedures, admissibility requirements, classification, valuation, and the rates of duty, applicable taxes and fees for imported merchandise. The customs broker charges the importer a fee for this advice.
You can search for certified customs brokers at the National Customs Brokers and Forwarders Association of America. For international brokers visit the International Federation of Customs Brokers Associations.
Check License or Permit Requirements for Importing Certain Goods
Many imported and exported products are regulated by federal agencies and are listed in SBA’s Exporting/Importing Specific Goods page. If you import or export any of the products listed, you may need to obtain specific licenses and permits or complete additional paperwork. The page also provides information on how to get the appropriate licenses and permits. A customs broker can also help with this aspect of importing goods.
Get Assistance and Training
The federal government provides advice and seminars to small businesses interested in importing.
- Small Business Development Centers (SBDC) – Provide assistance for import businesses and fee-based seminars. Use the map to find a branch near you.
- SCORE – Provides online workshops and in-person advice from over 12,400 volunteer counselors across the nation. Use the search tool to find help near you.
- U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Contacts – Contact information to find assistance from any of CBP's offices in international trade, trade relations, and brokers.
- International Trade Administration (ITA) Services – ITA's import services, including counseling and a program/partner search.
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