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Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR)
Expanding your business into the federal marketplace can be lucrative, and provide numerous networking and growth opportunities. But be warned: Winning a federal contract also means complying with laws and regulations unique to those doing business with the government. Many new contractors, especially small businesses, are unprepared for the rules and regulations they must follow, which can lead to costly errors and potential legal problems.
The resources below will help you become familiar with the regulations that apply to most federal contractors.
The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) is a substantial and complex set of rules governing the federal government's purchasing process. Its purpose is to ensure purchasing procedures are standard and consistent, and conducted in a fair and impartial manner. So whether you are a small business owner or the contracting official, it is important to understand FAR. There are many costly pitfalls if you don't take the time to understand the provisions in your contract, which often reference areas of the FAR.
The FAR is issued and maintained jointly under the statutory authorities granted to the Secretary of Defense, Administrator of General Services and the Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Statutory authorities to issue and revise the FAR have been delegated to the Procurement Executives in DOD, GSA and NASA.
Government contracts are different from commercial contracts in many important ways. Federal contracts contain or reference many provisions unique to the government. These provisions include requirements for:
Changing the scope of work
Conducting inspection, testing, and acceptance of delivered goods and services
If you are new to government contracting, consult the following resources to help familiarize yourself with the FAR provisions in a typical contract:
Guide to the terms and conditions unique to federal contracts after they have been awarded.
An online training course offered by SBA that includes information on FAR provisions.
Offers information and training for small businesses interested in obtaining GSA Schedule contracts.
Offers advice and training to help small business obtain contracts and comply with the FAR.
Helps small businesses meet their requirements to receive government contracts.
Introduction to the basics of defense contracting for small businesses.
The FAR applies to all agencies in the Executive Branch. The Legislative and Judicial branches are not required to comply with the FAR, but tend to follow it in spirit and content. In addition, Executive Branch agencies issue supplemental regulations that include purchasing rules unique to these agencies.
If you plan to bid on a contract within a specific agency, contact SBA's Office of Government Contracting for assistance in understanding specific agency requirements.
More Resources for Learning about FAR
For Small Business Owners
It is always a good idea to understand the references to the FAR for the contract, so you can understand your specific obligations.
The following resources are good references to bookmark:
Subchapter D of the FAR includes the details of the application of certain labor, OSHA, environmental, and other socioeconomic regulations that apply to government contracts.
For Contracting Officials
The FAR is codified at 48 CFR Chapter 1 and amended as needed. The loose-leaf circulars and the Internet version are updated as soon as possible after FAR rules are published in the Federal Register. Click here to access the most current version of the FAR.
To subscribe to the FAR, contact the Superintendent of Documents at 202-512-1800; call 202-512-1806 for any problems with subscriptions. A loose-leaf copy of the FAR, Federal Acquisition Circulars, can be downloaded at FAC.