International Trade Loan - A Fact Sheet for Small Businesses
The U.S. Small Business Administration’s newly revised International Trade Loan provides small businesses with enhanced export financing options for their export transactions.
The ITL is designed to help small businesses enter and expand into international markets and, when adversely affected by import competition, make the investments necessary to better compete. The ITL offers a combination of fixed asset, working capital financing and debt refinancing with the SBA’s maximum guaranty— 90 percent— on the total loan amount.
Maximum Loan Amount
- $5,000,000 in total financing.
- The SBA can guaranty up to 90 percent of an ITL up to a maximum of $4.5 million, less the amount of the guaranteed portion of other SBA loans outstanding to the borrower. The maximum guaranty for any working capital component of an ITL is $4 million. Additionally, any other working capital SBA loans the borrower has are counted against the $4 million guaranty limit.
- Maturities on the working capital portion of the ITL are typically limited to ten years.
- Maturities of up to 10 years on equipment unless the useful life exceeds 10 years. Maturities of up to 25 years are available for real estate.
- Loans with a mixed use of fixed asset and working capital financing will have a blended-average maturity.
- Lenders may charge between 2.25 to 2.75 percent above the prime rate (as published in the Wall Street Journal) depending upon the maturity of the loan. Interest rates on loans of $50,000 and less can be slightly higher.
- Applicants must meet the same eligibility requirements as for the SBA’s standard 7(a) Loan Program.
- Applicants must also establish that the loan will allow the business to expand or develop an export market or, demonstrate that the business has been adversely affected by import competition and that the ITL will allow the business to improve its competitive position.
Foreign Buyer Eligibility
- Foreign buyers must be located in those countries wherein the Export-Import Bank of the U.S. is not prohibited from providing financial assistance.
Use of Proceeds
- For the facilities and equipment portion of the loan, proceeds may be used to acquire, construct, renovate, modernize, improve or expand facilities or equipment in the U.S. to produce goods or services involved in international trade.
- Working capital is an allowable use of proceeds under the ITL.
- Proceeds may be used for the refinancing of debt structured with unreasonable terms and conditions, including any debt that qualifies for refinancing under the standard SBA 7(a) Loan Program.
- SBA 7(a) Loan Program requirements apply.
- Only collateral located in the U.S. (including its territories and possessions) is acceptable.
- First lien on property or equipment financed by the ITL or on other assets of the business is required. However, an ITL can be secured by a second lien position if the SBA determines there is adequate assurance of loan payment.
- Additional collateral, including personal guaranties and those assets not financed with ITL proceeds, may be required as appropriate.
- A small business exporter seeking an ITL must apply to an SBA-participating lender. The lender will submit a completed Application for Business Loan (SBA Form 4), including all exhibits, to the SBA.
- A small business exporter wanting to qualify as adversely impacted from import competition must submit supporting documentation that explains that impact, and a plan with projections that explains how the loan will improve the business’ competitive position.