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Starting a Trucking Business

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Starting a Trucking Business

By JamieD
Published: July 13, 2010

Due to the growing marketplace, i;s a common necessity for commercial goods and products to be moved to a new city or state. This need creates a great opportunity for new transportation businesses and as a result the trucking industry is an extremely competitive field. Because the competition is steep, save yourself time, money, and energy by thoroughly researching the industry before you jump in. If yo-re considering opening a trucking business, use this guide to help you get started.

Determine how your trucking business will operate.

Trucking businesses operate by bidding on and fulfilling transportation accounts and contracts. Most trucking businesses usually operate in one of two forms- the difference lies in how they acquire drivers to fulfill their accounts and contracts:

  • Sub-contracted drivers: Under the first option, you run your business using sub-contractors as drivers. Although you, as the business owner, run the business and receive the contracts, your drivers are not actually employed by your company. This option cuts down on start-up costs, insurance costs, and required equipment. On the other side, this option gives you less control over your drivers and cuts into your profits.
  • Privately-owned drivers: Under the second option, you privately run your business and all operations. You use your own equipment, pay higher insurance prices, and hire a fleet of private drivers as employees. This option gives you total control over your business and its employees, and promises the most return on profits. On the downside, this option requires a great deal more start-up capital and operating costs.

Follow the traditional steps to starting a business.

As with any new business venture, first understand the basics of starting a business, and then research the additional steps specific to your field. After yo've determined what type of trucking business yo'd like to start, follow these 10 Steps to Starting a Business for more information on financing your business, hiring employees, and complying with tax obligations.

Comply with all trucking-specific business licenses, permits, and forms.

In addition to the general federal and state requirements, there are tax, license, and permit regulations that apply specifically to the trucking industry. Depending on the type of trucking business you plan to run, several important requirements may include:

  • Federal DOT Number and Motor Carrier Authority Number' Understand your requirements and apply for these certifications online at the Federal Motor Carrier Authorit's website.
  • Heavy Use Tax Form (2290)' Comply with tax regulations related to the heavy use of U.S roads with IRS Form 2290.
  • International Registration Plan (IRP) Tag' Understand your requirements and obtain IRP tags by visiting your stat's transportation website and their IRP portal.
  • International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) Decal' Understand your requirements and obtain IFTA decals by visiting your state's transportation website.
  • BOC-3 Filing - Use a processing agent and the BOC-3 filing option to secure and maintain active operating status.

In addition to these operational requirements, if you chose to employ private drivers, they'll need to obtain special drivers permits or endorsements, such as a commercial driver's license, to legally operate your vehicles.

Each state has a portal dedicated to commercial transportation. For example, Idaho's government website has a Trucking Portal that has detailed information on commercial driver's license requirements, rules and manuals, safety information, licenses and permits, taxes, and all other related issues. Before you start your trucking business, be sure to visit your state's transportation portal to help understand the required regulations and assistance your state provides.

For more information on the regulations facing the trucking industry, visit Business.gov's Transportation and Logistics guide. Because these regulations can be confusing, you may decide to hire a compliance professional to help make sure all requirements are met.

Obtain the necessary insurance requirements to sustain your business.

The nature of the trucking industry imposes strict insurance requirements on businesses. Because you own and oversee the operation of commercial vehicles, your insurance requirements will cost more than many other businesses. To fully understand your insurance responsibilities, discuss them with specialist in your area.

The following guides provide more information on types of business insurance and your requirements:

In addition to your insurance responsibilities, your employer responsibilities require you to comply with health and safety standards and regulations. The U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration provides compliance assistance for the trucking industry to meet these expectations.

Find and buy the proper equipment to get started.

If you choose to operate a private fleet with your own drivers, you'll need to purchase commercial vehicle(s). Depending on your start-up capital, you'll need to determine how many vehicles are reasonable. While many businesses start small, as your profits grow you can always add to your fleet. When choosing what commercial vehicles are appropriate, consider the type of freight you plan to carry. Different types of cargo require different equipment. For example, if you'll be transporting food, you may require a refrigerated truck or if your cargo is oversized, you may require a flatbed truck.

When making your selection, also think about the environmental considerations. The Small Business Matters blog, Greening Your Business Fleet - A Five Step Approach that Can Save You Money, has tips that can help you make an environmentally friendly decision while helping your business's bottom line.

Equipment Leasing: Weighing the Pros and Cons provides insight into choosing to purchase or lease equipment for your business.

Build up your client base to obtain transportation accounts and contracts.

The competitiveness of the trucking industry makes receiving contracts difficult. As a start-up business, you most likely will not have the reputation required to receive large accounts. Many trucking businesses start small, utilizing local contracts and small business trade shows, to build up a client base. As you successfully complete these jobs, you'll be able to grow your business and contract larger jobs.

Business.gov's blog on Tips for Growing New Markets on a Tight Budget has more information on successful advertising techniques.

About the Author:

Comments:

I am looking into the trucking/logistics industry. I have some capital but no working experience. My background is aviation and working towards an MBA. I would really appreciate any help or guidance from anyone willing to spend their time. Perhaps there can be some business opportunities.
This is my email contact gbbriggld@gmail.com get intouch
A trucking website is your necessity if you own a transportation company that offers moving of cargo from one place to another. It’s a business that needs proper channelization so that your customers can reach you easily.
Great article on starting a trucking business. Trucking is not for the inexperienced though. It's a tough business to get into and run profitably. The competition is incredible. Seems easy, buy a truck, find freight, deliver it. It's so much more complicated. It's also very highly regulated. You almost have to be a lawyer to run a trucking company!
Thanks for all this info. We just started a transportation co, & I would like to add that the business plan with understanding in all the processes and costs is really imp, including the breakeven analysis and the actual cost per mile to run. The cost of the truck is part of the cost of the business, but insurance, diesel, tires, oil changes, dispatching, getting paid, accounting, ifta, etc are many of the other costs that tap into your profit. We have a truck dealership (globalusedtrucksales.com), so we can obtain a good price and financing on the loan, but we have found that the rest is pretty expensive and time consuming to learn & do. I recommend everyone to learn while you work for someone else in the industry before you jump in the business, so you will be successful. If you have any questions and I can help, email me. In addition, another hard thing is to find qualified drivers if you want to run the business. We are always looking for drivers. Email me also if you have Class A CDL license & you are looking for a job I don't mind teaching you the rest of the business so you can plan for your own, choice1transport@gmail.com thank you & good luck
I have recently purchased a Truck (today) and would like to know the next step to getting it on the road..... I am also currently applying for my authority to operate it under my company name. I know just enough information to be dangerous but would like to hear from others that have done it. I have heard that I could hire it own with a company that will get drivers and loads??
Great read! Here are some of the websites we have done for major clients: 1) http://colttrans.com/ 2) http://hktransportinc.com/ TAKE A LOOK AT THE MAP FEATURE WHILE YOU ARE ON THESE PAGE. A nice graphic website like this can be done for $1500-2500, and that is a very competitive rate according to this industry. ~~~~~~ For any Trucking company, it is always BETTER to let drivers come to them instead going after them. Here is an example of what we worked with, where the company needed an employment FORM set up on their website, which we designed: https://hktransportinc.com/employment-application/ Since then they have received numerous applications, and your company can do that too with a clean nice looking website, which applicants can TRUST. ~~~~~~ Fred. Blue Group Solutions. http://www.bluegroupsolutions.com (317) 728-9159
I'm a minority woman who wants to start a SMALL trucking company. I have spent months searching for information on applying for grants; A loan is out since my credit is AWFUL. I have the ambition, the knowledge and the muscle...I just don't have the start up. Does ANYONE out here know where I can turn for an actual grant to get this off the ground?
Hi. I'm New to site but I'm running into the same probs. I don't know where to start looking for funding. Was trying to see if you were asked to get something goin as a minority woman since your post
You should know that obtaining grants as n individual business is almost impossible. Government grants are almost always awarded to services organizations that offer grants to qualified applicants. You may have the ambition, knowledge and muscle to run a trucking business, but if you don't have SOME capital (money, trucks, certifications, etc) to invest and a good business plan, your chances of getting funding from ANYWHERE are slim to none. Have you tried any of the crowd funding sites? Admittedly raising money for some enterprises is very difficult under the rules the government wrote, but you should shop around and maybe contact a service provider whose business it is to assist aspiring truckers like yourself. Our company is interested in joint ventures with owner-operators but they must bring something to the venture besides desire.

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