SBIC Executive Summary

Two page executive summary for the Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) Program

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Program Overview

The Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) Program, administered by the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA), is a multi-billion investment program created in 1958 to bridge the gap between entrepreneurs’ need for capital and traditional sources of financing. Over the past seven years, the program has channeled $25 billion of capital to more than 6,990 U.S. small businesses representing a variety of industries across the country. These results were achieved through a proven public-private partnership that leverages the full faith and credit of the U.S. government to increase the pool of investment capital available to small businesses.

The SBIC Public-Private Partnership at Work

The SBIC Program harnesses the talent of professional investment fund managers to identify and finance promising small businesses. Qualified fund managers that complete the SBIC Program’s rigorous application process are granted a license to operate their fund as an SBIC. The SBIC can then leverage capital raised from private investors, such as banks, pension funds or high net-worth individuals, with government-guaranteed debt obtained through the program. For every $1 the fund raises from investors, SBA will commit up to $2 of debt, subject to a cap of $150 million. The SBIC manager can then assemble a portfolio of long-term investments in American small businesses. When the investments are realized and the fund begins to wind-down, the SBIC will repay its SBA-guaranteed debt and share the profits from its investments with the private investors that backed the fund.


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Effective: October 1, 2018
Related Programs: Related programs: SBIC

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Last updated February 7, 2019